Policy Proposal on reducing Obesity among Adolescents
Policy Proposal on reducing Obesity Among Adolescents
The issue of obesity among adolescents can be addressed by proposing appropriate policies to promote health among teenagers. The government can play a significant role in addressing the epidemic by implementing suitable procedures. Healthy eating and active living can be addressed at various levels of administration in the county, city, or towns. Relevant stakeholders and organizations such as the World Health Organization should partner with the government to tackle the issue. A prevention-oriented action plan should be developed to identify the interventions and recommendations for stakeholder roles and responsibilities in several society sectors. Action plans in various sectors can be designed to deal with the issue of adolescent obesity.
The government and relevant stakeholders can implement various long-term strategies to reduce obesity among adolescents. Policies for regulation of the food and beverage industry should be implemented. These include marketing restrictions on unhealthy foods, necessitating clear labeling of the front-of-package, and imposing taxes on sugary beverages. Tax strategies can also be implemented to discourage the consumption of beverages and foods with little nutritional value, for instance, drinks that are sugar-sweetened (Yoshida et al. 2018). Media campaigns should be developed using several channels such as the internet, social networking, print, and television to utilize consistent messages to promote healthy eating habits among adolescents. An interprofessional intervention is important for awareness campaigns and the education of teenagers. The government should develop an education and awareness policy and fund the project where a group that comprises the nurses, physicians, physical therapists, dieticians and nutritionists would work together to develop written information and content to share with the population concerning the obesity challenge (Pearl, 2018. The interprofessional cooperation in raising awareness, education, and training would impart the teenagers with the knowledge necessary in increasing effectiveness in the fight against obesity and have a significant outcome that comprises increased physical exercise and embracing a healthy diet.
Furthermore, the government can also promote physical activities among adolescents. This can be through better policies on transportation and urban design. The government can subsidize the establishment of sidewalks and trails that connect to schools and communities to facilitate physical exercises like walking and running (Muth et al., 2018). Zoning laws should also be passed to encourage bicycle traffic and foot transport, especially for adolescents commuting to school. The government should collaborate with various organizations and school districts to create agreements that permit teenagers to use playgrounds and recreation centers when schools are closed. This will promote exercising habits among teenagers and facilitate weight loss and the development of physically fit bodies.
The promotion of healthy diets should also be facilitated by the government, stakeholders, and relevant personnel. Clear messaging on healthy foods should be enhanced, and appropriate actions should be taken to improve the availability of healthy foods among adolescents in their schools, homes, and communities. In partnership with the FDA, the government should provide nutrition information to all restaurants, especially those dealing with fast food (Wang et al., 2021). Enticement programs can also be created to draw grocery stores and supermarkets to underserved localities. The local government should necessitate menu labeling in chain restaurants to ensure calorie information is provided to the customers concerning the menu boards and in-store menus.
Physical activities should also be included in the school curriculum and clear messaging for supporting active lifestyles. Nutrition and cooking classes should also be offered in schools to promote healthy eating habits among adolescents. The USDA should ban the marketing of junk foods in schools. The government should subsidize programs for healthy foods among the poor people and produce vegetables and fresh fruits. The local government should collaborate with schools to enhance the implementation of programs for safe routes to school.
Since adolescents are most likely to spend more time in school, engaging in physical activities during physical education classes can significantly reduce obesity among adolescents. Supportive facilities for physical activities should be provided, such as playgrounds and gyms, and trainers should monitor students during the exercises. School is also a significant environment for developing and promoting healthy eating habits among adolescents. The quality of food offered in schools affects the health outcomes of the students; therefore, a healthy diet for adolescents should be implemented during the school period (Pearl, 2018). Schools should also restrict the sale and marketing of unhealthy foods to neutralize the obesogenic environment. Therefore the intervention of government and stakeholders through favorable policies will play a significant role in reducing obesity and the associated health risks among adolescents.
Muth, N. D., Dietz, W. H., Magge, S. N., Johnson, R. K., Bolling, C. F., Armstrong, S. C., … & AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATION. (2019). Public policies to reduce sugary drink consumption in children and adolescents. Pediatrics, 143(4).
Pearl, R. L. (2018). Weight bias and stigma: public health implications and structural solutions. Social Issues and Policy Review, 12(1), 146-182.
Wang, Y., Zhao, L., Gao, L., Pan, A., & Xue, H. (2021). Health policy and public health implications of obesity in China. The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, 9(7), 446-461.
Yoshida, Y., & Simoes, E. J. (2018). Sugar-sweetened beverage, obesity, and type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents: policies, taxation, and pro