Date of Submission
Currently, the development and emergence of new technologies and advanced use of technology have taken the world to another level. Today, technology has led to cloud computing in both large and small organizations to store data in the cloud and access it from any location as long as you have access to the internet. Cloud Computing Architecture (Cloud architecture) uses the understanding of cloud computing technology, which refers to a collection of components called software, databases, applications, and capabilities that are engineered to leverage the influence of cloud resources so they can provide solutions to business issues. Also, most cloud architectures aim to equip users with increased bandwidth, permitting them on-demand agile networks to provide ongoing access to applications and data applications. Additionally, this is likely to move fast and proficiently between the clouds and the servers. Cloud architecture defines and explains the relationships between components. Middleware, cloud resources, software services, components, and on premise resources are different cloud architecture components.
Fig 1.0 architecture of Cloud Computing
Cloud Architecture comprises two parts; back-end and front-end, where both parts communicate via the internet or network. Clients use the front-end because it consists of client-side interfaces and applications that grant the clients allowance to access the cloud computing platforms. The side applications include web browsers like Internet Explorer and Firefox. Cloud infrastructure is made of software and hardware components like virtualization software, server, data storage, and so on, and it is the only front-end component (Odun-Ayo, Ananya, Agono, & Goddy-Worlu, 2018). It helps to provide the end-users with a Graphical User Interface as a directive for them to perform their particular tasks.
Fig 1.1 Front-end – Cloud Computing Architecture
On the other hand, the back-end monitors programs that run the application on the front-end required to provide cloud computing services. The service provider uses it, and it incorporates traffic control mechanisms, a vast amount of data storage, servers, virtual machines, security mechanism, and so.
Fig 1.2 Back-end – Cloud Computing Architecture
The back-end components include security, management, storage, service, and application. The component application can be either a platform or software. Based on what a client requires, this component provides the result in the back-end to the end-user. The component service is accountable for providing convenience in the architecture. The component storage is responsible for storing and maintaining documents, videos, files, and so on over the internet. Some storage services include Microsoft Azure Storage and Amazon S3. Software as a Service (SaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), and Platform as a Service (PaaS) are examples of services offered by cloud computing. The component management is responsible for allocating substantial resources to a definite task. At the same time, it does different functions in the cloud environment. Also, it assists in managing components like cloud infrastructure, security, application, data storage, service, and task. Generally, the component management under back-end institutes is coordination among the cloud resources. The last back-end component is security. This component is responsible for providing secure infrastructure, systems, resources, and files to end-users. Additionally, the component security executes security management with virtual firewalls to the cloud server, which helps prevent data loss.
Benefits of Cloud Architecture
It enables associations to eliminate or reduce their dependence on networking infrastructure, storage, and on-premises server. Companies or associations that have adopted cloud architecture regularly deviate IT resources to the public cloud, eradicating the necessity for storage and on-premises servers. As a result, this reduces the essential for IT data center actual estate, power, and cooling, and swapping them with monthly IT expenses. This change to operating expenses from capital expenditure is the leading cause of today’s cloud computing popularity.
Cloud Architecture Best Practices
A well-architected framework in business is used as a driving force for satisfied end-users, high-performing applications, and lower operating costs (Basto, Villalobos, de la Cruz, de la Hoz Hernández, & Lezama, 2019). Organizations have high chances to ensure they reap real business value for their future-proof IT environment and cloud investments by following cloud architecture best practices and principles. Organizations should practice up-front planning by providing an understanding of capability wants when they have to design a cloud architecture.
Additionally, organizations should practice security practices. The clouds need effective protection from hackers and any unauthorized individuals by practicing the use of multilayered protection. For the highest levels of security, the organizations should have zero trust in security models and embrace all necessary security measures. Another best practice for cloud