Part B: Classmate Question #2

Saturated fats are those with a single bond. Fats are classified as glycerides according to their carbon chain length: glycerol molecules with short carbon chains at their bottoms, and fatty acids with long carbon chains at their tops. This type of fat, as well as trans fats, is unhealthy. Room temperature solidifies most of these fats. A high percentage of saturated fat is found in food products such as butter, palm oils, coconut oil, cheese, and red meat. There are many health benefits associated with unsaturated fats. Essentially, monounsaturated fats and polyunsaturated fats belong to the same category. They can actually contribute to heart health by lowering cholesterol, reducing the risk of heart disease, and improving overall heart health.

Healthy diets maintain or improve overall health, which is what we should aim for. An appropriate diet for good health, which consists of fluids, macronutrients like protein, micronutrients like vitamins, and adequate fibre and food energy. Our society is dominated by fast foods and junk foods that are easy to access and contain a lot of unhealthy fats. High levels of consumption of these bad fats are not good in large quantities and can often lead to health problems in the future. What are the effects of these unhealthy fats on your body and what type of medical conditions may you face in the future?




American Heart Association. (2021). Saturated (Links to an external site.) (Links to an external site.)

Harvard University. (2019). Healthy Eating Plate. The Nutrition Source. (Links to an external site.)

Houston, M. (2017). The relationship of saturated fats and coronary heart disease: fa(c)t or fiction? A commentary. Therapeutic Advances in Cardiovascular Disease12(2), 33–37. (Links to an external site.)

Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Diet and Health, Woteki, C. E., & Thomas, P. R. (2014). Fats, Cholesterol, And Chronic Diseases.; National Academies Press (US). (Links to an external site.)

Mayo Clinic. (2019). Learn the facts about fats. Mayo Clinic.




The concept of nutrition pertains to the foods we eat and the nutrients they contain. In order to maintain a balanced diet, one needs the right amount of different nutrients. Malnutrition, on the other hand, is caused by a lack of food and a deficiency of vitamins and minerals. To facilitate communication, nutrition experts generally classify essential (required) nutrients into two broad categories: Macronutrients and Micronutrients. Carbohydrates, fats, and proteins are macronutrients that are needed in large amounts. Some macronutrients, such as sodium, chloride, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus, fall into this category. Vitamins and some minerals usually make up micronutrients, which we only need in small amounts. Among the minerals in this group are iron, iodine, zinc, manganese, cobalt, and others, and these are considered to be trace elements. Metabolic transformation of nutrients into substrates occurs during nutrition, which is the process of bringing nutrients into the body. The metabolic process consists of chemical interactions that sustain life. This refers to the process by which the body converts food into energy, material for growth and maintenance, and stimulation for various bodily functions after it has been digested, absorbed, and transported to the cells. But before this can happen, nutrients must undergo assimilation and that is where nutrient molecules undergo chemical changes when entering the cell.

There are two major complex processes of metabolism. Please state what those two processes are and define each one.



Nutrients. (n.d.). Nutrients and Metabolism Relation. Retrieved June 6, 2022, from,of%20transforming%20nutrients%20into%20substrates (Links to an external site.).

Overview of metabolism (article). (n.d.). Khan Academy. Retrieved June 6, 2022, from (Links to an external site.)

(Links to an external site.) Anabolism vs. Catabolism: The Role They Play in Your Metabolism. Cleveland Clinic. Retrieved June 6, 2022, from (Links to an external site.)

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