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A family member says that humans are exceptional because, unlike other animals, we can be kind, selfless, and virtuous. Would you agree with that statement? Or do you think that our selflessness is actually driven by some degree of self-interest? For this discussion, you will explore the concept of prosocial behavior, with a focus on empathy, morality, and altruism.

First, title your post “Prosocial Behavior.”

For your initial post, review the videos  Aggression vs. Altruism: Crash Course Psychology #40  Why Some People Are More Altruistic Than Others , and  How Is Our Moral Psychology Manipulating Us . Then answer the following questions:

· Is our ability to empathize with others a product of nature or nurture? How does our worldview shape our capacity for empathy?

· In what ways is our moral compass influenced by the social and cultural perspectives that guide our behavior?

· In what ways is our moral compass influenced by spiritual perspectives that guide our behavior?

· Some people believe that humans are exceptional because of our capacity for prosocial behavior, such as kindness and altruism. By contrast, others believe that all behavior is motivated by some degree of self-interest; therefore, humans are not capable of engaging in selfless acts. Do you believe that humans are capable of altruism? Use credible evidence to support your position.

· How does the concept of prosocial behavior apply to any of the following programmatic course themes:

· Self-care

· Social justice

· Emotional intelligence

· Career connections

· Ethics

 

Prosocial Behaviour.

Human beings have a caring nature. When people make extreme sacrifices for others, they show absolutely nothing abnormal about their actions. Jonathan Haidt explains that we are naturally moral species enclosed in some set that appear completely convincing to us. They influence your judgments of others positively or negatively, depending on how you allow them.

If you are a judgmental person, your cultural beliefs direct your social behavior in that you will interpret everyone’s behavior using the lens through which you see things. Through the reading of spiritual materials, your worldview is shaped to standardized levels. Standard expectations ration those extreme beliefs you hold. You are exposed to forgiveness, kindness, mercy, and other philanthropic values.

Having altruistic behavior is possible. The notion that humanity is naturally selfish has been challenged by tangible evidence over time. Abigail Marsh, in her lecture, gives us an open scenario of how she encountered a generous stranger. While driving alone at night, she had an accident where a dog disrupted her. The vehicle swayed into a fast traffic lane facing backward, and the engine stopped. A stranger ran across four lanes and rescued her. After getting the vehicle on track, the stranger left, and they never met again.

At times, we care to help others based on self-interest. Believing that someone will return a favor may lure us to ultraistic responses. It conflicts with social justice because there arises conflict or a social trap when everyone acts in self-interest. Emotional intelligence calls for one to embrace forgiveness, compassion, and mercy. Embracing communal goals empowers career thriving, and cooperation promotes ethics in communal setups. There is a need to overcome hatred and personal differences to create room for ethics to guide us.

References

Abigael Marsh. (2016, October 7) Why some people are more altruistic than others [YouTube]. https://youtu.be/uq-6T6TAu74

Crash Course Psychology. ( 2014, November 25) Aggression vs. Altruism [Video]. YouTube. https://youtu.be/XoTx7Rt4dig

Jonathan Haidt – Morality in Sjw. (2019, October 21) How Our Moral Psychology Manipulates Us? | London Real [Video]. YouTube. https://youtu.be/5vGmhw1h1qg

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