Lecture 1-2

1. Assessing Arguments

: Look at the arguments below. Are they valid? Are they sound?


A. P1. All dogs go to heaven.

P2. Charlie is a dog.

C. Charlie will go to heaven.


B. P1. If the moon is made of green cheese, then cows jump over it.

P2. The moon is made of green cheese.

C. Cows jump over the moon.


C. P1. If it’s raining, then the streets are wet.

P2. The streets are wet.

C. It’s raining.


D. P1. All apples are fruits.

P2. Some fruits are red.

C. Some apples are red.


E. P1. Thanksgiving is in November.

C. Thanksgiving is in November.



2. Reconstructing arguments

: Put these informal arguments in premise/conclusion form. Are they valid? Sound?


A. “You shouldn’t feed chocolate to the dog. Chocolate makes dogs sick.”



B. “Anyone who goes to Yale is a total jerk. I know because I met my roommate’s brother, who goes to Yale, and he is a total jerk.”


Lecture 1-3

We have seen one argument for Cultural Relativism, and four objections against Cultural Relativism.

Q1. What is your opinion about Cultural Relativism at this point? Do you still find it plausible or not?  200 words

Q2. If you find Cultural Relativism plausible, how would you respond to the objections? Pick one objection against cultural relativism and respond. (either question 2 or 3) 250 words

Q3. If you find Cultural Relativism not plausible, what is one objection against Cultural Relativism that feels the strongest for you? Why?

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